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Vascular risk factors, depression, and cognitive change among African American older adults

TitleVascular risk factors, depression, and cognitive change among African American older adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsCarmasin, JS, Mast, BT, Allaire, JC, Whitfield, KE
JournalInt J Geriatr PsychiatryInt J Geriatr PsychiatryInt J Geriatr Psychiatry
Volume29
Pagination291-8
Date PublishedMar
ISBN Number1099-1166 (Electronic)<br/>0885-6230 (Linking)
Accession Number23877973
AbstractOBJECTIVE: Vascular burden has been linked to future depression and cognitive change in predominately European American samples. This study investigated these relationships in older African Americans. METHODS: To examine the connection between vascular risk factors, depression, and cognitive change, this study utilized data from 435 older African Americans. Specifically, the study examined the link between vascular risk at baseline with depression and cognitive functioning at a 2.5-year follow-up visit. RESULTS: High baseline vascular risk was associated with increased odds of future depression while controlling for age and current depression. A series of path analyses demonstrated links between baseline vascular risk, increases in depression, and decreases in processing speed. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that African Americans with greater vascular burden are at greater risk for depression and cognitive change.
Short TitleInternational journal of geriatric psychiatryInternational journal of geriatric psychiatry
Alternate JournalInternational journal of geriatric psychiatry
Ethno Med: