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U.S. Food Guide Pyramid food group intake by Asian Indian immigrants in the U.S

TitleU.S. Food Guide Pyramid food group intake by Asian Indian immigrants in the U.S
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsJonnalagadda, SS, Diwan, S, Cohen, DL
JournalJ Nutr Health AgingJ Nutr Health Aging
Volume9
Pagination226-31
Date PublishedJul-Aug
ISBN Number1279-7707 (Print)<br/>1279-7707 (Linking)
Accession Number15980923
KeywordsCereals, Dairy Products, Diet/ standards, Emigration and Immigration, Female, Food Habits/ ethnology, Fruit, Humans, India/ethnology, Male, Meat, Mental Recall, Middle Aged, Minerals, Nutrition Policy, Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Nutritional Requirements, United States, Vegetables, Vitamins
AbstractThis study examined the food group intake and the dietary quality of middle-aged and older Gujarati Asian Indian immigrants (45 years or older) living in two urban metropolitan areas in the U.S. Participants (90 men, 99 females) completed a 24-hour dietary recall, which was used to determine if they met the daily food group intake guidelines of the U.S. Food Guide Pyramid. The overall quality of their reported dietary intake was determined using the Healthy Eating Index based on their nutrient and food group intake. Both men and women met the daily number of servings recommendations for the grains (men: 9.3 servings/day; women: 6.9 servings/day) and vegetables (men: 4.5 servings/day; women: 3.6 servings/day) groups, but did not meet the recommendations for fruits, dairy and meats groups. The total score on the Healthy Eating Index of the diets of these participants was 73, indicative of a dietary intake that does not meet the established U.S. dietary guidelines. These immigrants should be educated about appropriate food choices (ethnic and non-ethnic) within each of the U.S. Food Guide Pyramid food groups to improve the overall quality of their dietary intakes.