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Unique factors that place older Hispanic women at risk for HIV: intimate partner violence, machismo, and marianismo

TitleUnique factors that place older Hispanic women at risk for HIV: intimate partner violence, machismo, and marianismo
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsCianelli, R, Villegas, N, Lawson, S, Ferrer, L, Kaelber, L, Peragallo, N, Yaya, A
JournalJ Assoc Nurses AIDS CareJ Assoc Nurses AIDS Care
Volume24
Pagination341-54
Date PublishedJul-Aug
ISBN Number1552-6917 (Electronic)<br/>1055-3290 (Linking)
Accession Number23790277
KeywordsAged, Female, Florida, Focus Groups, Gender Identity, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Hispanic Americans/psychology, HIV Infections/ ethnology/ prevention & control/psychology, Humans, Middle Aged, Postmenopause, Qualitative Research, Risk Factors, Spouse Abuse/ ethnology/psychology/statistics & numerical data
AbstractHispanic women who are 50 years of age and older have been shown to be at increased risk of acquiring HIV infection due to age and culturally related issues. The purpose of our study was to investigate factors that increase HIV risk among older Hispanic women (OHW) as a basis for development or adaptation of an age and culturally tailored intervention designed to prevent HIV-related risk behaviors. We used a qualitative descriptive approach. Five focus groups were conducted in Miami, Florida, with 50 participants. Focus group discussions centered around eight major themes: intimate partner violence (IPV), perimenopausal-postmenopausal-related biological changes, cultural factors that interfere with HIV prevention, emotional and psychological changes, HIV knowledge, HIV risk perception, HIV risk behaviors, and HIV testing. Findings from our study stressed the importance of nurses' roles in educating OHW regarding IPV and HIV prevention.