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A traditional rice and beans pattern is associated with metabolic syndrome in Puerto Rican older adults

TitleA traditional rice and beans pattern is associated with metabolic syndrome in Puerto Rican older adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsNoel, SE, Newby, PK, Ordovas, JM, Tucker, KL
JournalJ NutrJ Nutr
Volume139
Pagination1360-7
Date PublishedJul
ISBN Number1541-6100 (Electronic)<br/>0022-3166 (Linking)
Accession Number19458029
KeywordsBlood Pressure, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology, Fabaceae, Female, Food Habits, Humans, Hypertension/epidemiology, Lipoproteins, HDL/blood, Male, Massachusetts/epidemiology, Meat, Metabolic Syndrome X/blood/ epidemiology, Middle Aged, Nutritional Status, Odds Ratio, Oryza sativa, Puerto Rico/ethnology, Questionnaires, Regression Analysis, Socioeconomic Factors, Sucrose, Triglycerides/blood, Waist Circumference
AbstractThe prevalence of metabolic syndrome was approximately 50% for Puerto Rican elders living in Massachusetts. Diet is known to be associated with metabolic syndrome. Little information exists regarding the dietary intakes of Puerto Ricans. We aimed to characterize the dietary patterns of 1167 Puerto Ricans (45-75 y) using principal components analysis and to further examine associations with metabolic syndrome. Factor solutions were examined for robustness using a random split sample. Adjusted means for metabolic syndrome components were calculated for factor quintiles. Logistic regression models examined associations between factors, metabolic syndrome, and its components. Analyses were also performed excluding subjects with diabetes. "Meat and French fries,""traditional," and "sweets" patterns emerged as most meaningful. A meat and French fries pattern was associated with higher blood pressure (systolic P-trend = 0.03 and diastolic