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A study of optimism, coping strategy, and psychological quality of life among White, Korean, and African American female older adults

TitleA study of optimism, coping strategy, and psychological quality of life among White, Korean, and African American female older adults
Publication TypeThesis
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsLee, HS
UniversityLee, HeeSoon: U South Carolina, US
Accession NumberDissertation Abstract: 2011-99150-384
Keywords*Blacks, *Coping Behavior, *Human Females, *Optimism, *Quality of Life, Aging, Human Female Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Aged (65 yrs & older), optimism, coping strategy, psychological quality of life, White female older adults, Korean female older adults, African American female older adults, Social Processes & Social Issues [2900], Strategies, us
AbstractThis cross-sectional, cross-cultural, and quantitative study examined the association between coping strategies and psychological quality of life (QOL), considering optimism among three ethnic female older adult groups. A total of 373 community-dwelling female older adults over age 65, including 124 White Americans, 124 Korean Americans and 125 African Americans residing in Columbia, South Carolina and Augusta, Georgia in the United States completed the questionnaire via face-to face interview. Factorial ANOVA regarding race and coping strategies revealed that religion was the most frequent coping strategy among all ethnic groups. White Americans and Korean Americans frequently used problem-focused copings (e.g., active coping and planning) and adaptive emotional-focused copings (e.g., positive reframing and acceptance), while African Americans employed adaptive emotional-focused copings and avoidant copings (e.g., self-distraction and venting). Eight coping strategies (e.g., active coping, planning, positive reframing, religion, denial, venting, behavioral disengagement, and self-blame) were significantly related to optimism (p<.05 specifically="" the="" more="" optimistic="" used="" problem-focused="" copings="" and="" adaptive="" emotional-focused="" than="" did="" less="" while="" employed="" avoidant="" coping="" styles="" among="" three="" ethnic="" groups.="" regarding="" race="" quality="" of="" life="" five="" qol="" subscales="" enjoyment="" meaning="" bodily="" appearance="" self-satisfaction="" sum="" were="" significantly="" different="" .001="" african="" americans="" had="" highest="" mean="" score="" in="" followed="" by="" white="" korean="" americans.="" relating="" optimism="" to="" all="" related="" overall="" likely="" have="" higher="" scores="" on="" optimistic.="" for="" interaction="" effect="" concentration="" .01="" showed="" effects.="" affected="" differently="" multiple="multiple" regression="" analysis="" demonstrated="" that="" sufficient="" income="" commonly="" important="" female="" older="" adults.="" each="" group="" reported="" strategies="" which="" impacted="" their="" differently.="" social="" support="" education="" acceptance="" venting="" qol.="" living="" arrangements="" being="" a="" caregiver="" planning="" self-blame="" associated="" with="" humor="" behavior-disengagement="" these="" findings="" suggest="" work="" practitioners="" need="" understand="" protective="" adults="" groups="" help="" them="" improve="" life.="" database="" record="" apa="" rights="" reserved="">
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