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Social Relationships of African American and Hispanic Older Assisted Living Residents: Exploring the Role of Race and Ethnicity

TitleSocial Relationships of African American and Hispanic Older Assisted Living Residents: Exploring the Role of Race and Ethnicity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsPark, NSook, Dobbs, D, Carrion, IV, Young, TL, Salmon, JR, Roff, LL
JournalJournal of Housing for the ElderlyJournal of Housing for the Elderly
Volume27
Pagination369-391
ISBN Number0276-3893
KeywordsAged, Assisted Living -- Florida, Blacks, Communication Barriers, Cultural Competence, Cultural Diversity, Descriptive Statistics, Florida, Grounded Theory, Hispanics, Human, Interpersonal Relations, Interview Guides, Multicenter Studies -- Florida, Professional-Client Relations, Semi-Structured Interview, Social Behavior, Support, Psychosocial, Thematic Analysis
AbstractAfrican American and Hispanic older adults are underrepresented in assisted living communities, so little is known about how they experience social relationships in these settings. The purpose of the study was to explore resident-to-resident and resident-to-staff relationships experienced and perceived by African American and Hispanic older residents in assisted living settings. In-depth interviews with 15 African American and 15 Hispanic older adults were conducted in seven assisted living communities in Central Florida. Three salient themes emerged using a grounded theory approach: formation of relationships: emotional vs. instrumental support; language as a facilitator or barrier; and avoidance of inter-racial relationships. Implications for providing culturally competent services in assisted living communities with diverse populations are discussed.
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