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Self-rating of poor health: A comparison of Cuban elders in Havana and Miami

TitleSelf-rating of poor health: A comparison of Cuban elders in Havana and Miami
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsJang, Y, Chiriboga, DA, Herrera, JR, Branch, LG
JournalJournal of Cross Cultural GerontologyJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology
Date PublishedJun
ISBN Number0169-3816<br/>1573-0719
Accession NumberPeer Reviewed Journal: 2009-07985-005
Keywords*Disabilities, *Geriatric Patients, *Health, *Self Report, *Sociocultural Factors, Gerontology [2860], Human Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Aged (65 yrs & older), self-reports, poor health, Cuban elders, sociocultural context, functional disability, us
AbstractThis study examined the prevalence of self-reported 'poor health' among Cuban elders in Havana (n = 1,183) and Miami (n = 288) and explored the roles of chronic conditions and functional disability in their self-reports. A logistic regression model of reported poor health was estimated for each group, testing both independent and interactive effects of chronic conditions and functional disability. Despite differences in socio demographic characteristics and disease/disability profiles between Cuban elders in the two cities, an equal proportion of each group (13%) reported poor health. Financial strain and functional disability were common predictors of self-reported poor health across the groups. Gender and chronic conditions were significant only in the Havana sample, among whom the likelihood of reporting poor health increased with female gender and the presence of chronic conditions. In the Havana sample, not only did chronic conditions have an independent effect, but also its interaction with functional disability was significant. The overall results suggest a particular role of chronic conditions in determining subjective health among elders in Havana. Findings are discussed in a sociocultural context. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract).