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Self-efficacy program to prevent osteoporosis among Chinese immigrants: a randomized controlled trial

TitleSelf-efficacy program to prevent osteoporosis among Chinese immigrants: a randomized controlled trial
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsQi, BB, Resnick, B, Smeltzer, SC, Bausell, B
JournalNurs ResNurs Res
Volume60
Pagination393-404
Date PublishedNov-Dec
ISBN Number1538-9847 (Electronic)<br/>0029-6562 (Linking)
Accession Number22048557
KeywordsAged, Asian Americans, Attitude to Health/ ethnology, China/ethnology, Emigrants and Immigrants/ statistics & numerical data, Female, Health Behavior/ ethnology, Health Education/methods, Humans, Life Style, Male, Middle Aged, Osteoporosis/ethnology/ prevention & control, Patient Education as Topic, Self Efficacy, Treatment Outcome, United States/epidemiology
AbstractBACKGROUND: : Recent Chinese immigrants have a low bone mineral density and are at a great risk for developing osteoporosis. The majority of Chinese men and women of all ages have inadequate information about their risks for developing osteoporosis and are seldom involved in preventive activities. OBJECTIVES: : The aim of this study was to evaluate the preliminary effectiveness of an educational intervention based on the self-efficacy theory aimed at increasing the knowledge of osteoporosis and adoption of preventive behaviors, including regular exercise and osteoporosis medication adherence, designed for Chinese immigrants, aged 45 years or above, living in the United States. METHODS: : A randomized controlled trial was employed, using a repeated-measure design. Foreign-born Mandarin-speaking Asians (n = 110) were recruited to the study, and 83 of them (mean age = 64.08 years, SD = 9.48 years) were assigned randomly to either the intervention group (n = 42) or the attention control group (n = 41). There were 63 (75.9%) women and 20 (24.1%) men. Data were collected at baseline and 2 weeks after the intervention. RESULTS: : The participants who received the intervention had statistically significant improvements (p
Ethno Med: