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The role of race and ethnicity in predicting length of hospice care among older adults

TitleThe role of race and ethnicity in predicting length of hospice care among older adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsPark, NS, Carrion, IV, Lee, BS, Dobbs, D, Shin, HJ, Becker, MA
JournalJ Palliat MedJ Palliat Med
Date PublishedFeb
ISBN Number1557-7740 (Electronic)<br/>1557-7740 (Linking)
Accession Number22313431
KeywordsAfrican Americans/statistics & numerical data, Aged, Aged, 80 and Over, European Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data, Female, Florida, Hispanic Americans/statistics & numerical data, Hospice Care/ utilization, Hospices/ utilization, Humans, Length of Stay, Male, Minority Groups/statistics & numerical data, Proportional Hazards Models, Referral and Consultation, Survival Analysis
AbstractBACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to examine both direct and interactive roles of race/ethnicity with patients' characteristics (age, gender, relationship with caregiver, diagnosis, referral source, and payment type) in predicting length of hospice care. METHOD: This study included a total of 16,323 patients 65 years of age and older (M(age)=81.4, SD=8.3) who were served by a hospice in central Florida during a four-year period, 2002-2006. Survival analyses were conducted using the Cox proportional hazards model to predict the length of hospice care and test the interaction effects of race/ethnicity. RESULTS: The majority of subjects (83.5%) were white, 7.6% were African-American, and 8.9% were Hispanic. During the study period, 58.5% died. All patient characteristics were significantly associated with the length of hospice care (p
Ethno Med: