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Reliability of the Geriatric Depression Scale for use among elderly Asian immigrants in the USA

TitleReliability of the Geriatric Depression Scale for use among elderly Asian immigrants in the USA
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsMui, AC, Kang, SY, Chen, LM, Domanski, MD
JournalInt PsychogeriatrInt Psychogeriatr
Volume15
Pagination253-71
Date PublishedSep
ISBN Number1041-6102 (Print)<br/>1041-6102 (Linking)
Accession Number14756161
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and Over, Asian Americans/ psychology/statistics & numerical data, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depressive Disorder/diagnosis/ ethnology/psychology, Emigration and Immigration, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Male, Mass Screening, Personality Inventory/statistics & numerical data, Psychometrics/statistics & numerical data, Reproducibility of Results, United States/epidemiology, Urban Population/statistics & numerical data
AbstractThe increasing numbers of Asian and other immigrants in the United States have resulted in greater demands for research methodology sensitive to cross-cultural issues. A regional probability sample (n = 407) of Asian elderly immigrants of different nationalities (Chinese, Korean, Indian, Filipino, Vietnamese, or Japanese) residing in New York City was used to examine the reliability of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Using the 30-item GDS, about 40% of this representative sample of Asian elderly immigrants was considered to be depressed, indicating higher depression rates than in the previous studies of other Asian elderly samples in the US and in Asia. Results also showed that the 30-item GDS and 15-item GDS Short Forms were reliable measures to assess depression in community-dwelling Asian immigrant elders. Data strongly suggest that Asian elderly immigrants in the US are at risk of depression, indicating a need for the design of culturally sensitive mental health programs.