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The relationship between education level and mini-mental state examination domains among older Mexican Americans

TitleThe relationship between education level and mini-mental state examination domains among older Mexican Americans
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsMatallana, D, de Santacruz, C, Cano, C, Reyes, P, Samper-Ternent, R, Markides, KS, Ottenbacher, KJ, Reyes-Ortiz, CA
JournalJ Geriatr Psychiatry NeurolJ Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol
Volume24
Pagination9-18
Date PublishedMar
ISBN Number0891-9887 (Print)<br/>0891-9887 (Linking)
Accession Number20538969
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and Over, Attention, Cognition Disorders/ diagnosis/psychology, Educational Status, Female, Humans, Language, Male, Memory/ physiology, Mexican Americans/ psychology, Neuropsychological Tests
AbstractTo study the effect of education and language of response at the interview on performance in the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) domains, we studied 2861 Mexican Americans aged 65 and older from the Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (EPESE) followed from 1993 to 1994 until 2004 to 2005. The MMSE was examined as total score (0-30) or divided into 2 global domains: (1) no-memory (score 0-24): Orientation, attention, and language; and (2) memory (score 0-6): working and delayed memory. Mean age and total MMSE were 72.7 years and 24.6 at baseline, and 81.7 years and 20.5 at 11 years of follow-up. Spanish-speaking participants had less education (4.1 vs 7.4 years, P