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A Qualitative Exploration of Factors Associated With Walking and Physical Activity in Community-Dwelling Older Latino Adults

TitleA Qualitative Exploration of Factors Associated With Walking and Physical Activity in Community-Dwelling Older Latino Adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsMarquez, DX, Aguinaga, S, Campa, J, Pinsker, EC, Bustamante, EE, Hernandez, R
JournalJ Appl GerontolJ Appl Gerontol
Date PublishedMay 15
ISBN Number1552-4523 (Electronic)<br/>0733-4648 (Linking)
Accession Number24832017
AbstractBACKGROUND: Ethnic/racial minorities often live in neighborhoods that are not conducive to physical activity (PA) participation. We examined perceived factors related to walking/PA among Spanish- and English-speaking older Latinos in a low-income, multi-ethnic neighborhood. METHOD: Exploratory focus group study was conducted with Latinos stratified by preferred language and gender: English-speaking women (n = 7, M age = 74.6); English-speaking men (n = 3, M age = 69.3); Spanish-speaking women (n = 5, M age = 66.4); Spanish-speaking men (n = 5, M age = 74.0). Focus group audio files were transcribed, and qualitative research software was used to code and analyze documents. RESULTS: At the individual level, reasons for exercising (improved health) and positive health outcome expectancies (weight loss and decreased knee pain) were discussed. Neighborhood/environmental factors of safety (fear of crime), neighborhood changes (lack of jobs and decreased social networks), weather, and destination walking were discussed. DISCUSSION: Individual and environmental factors influence PA of older, urban Latinos, and should be taken into consideration in health promotion efforts.