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Problems meeting basic needs predict cognitive decline in community-dwelling Hispanic older adults

TitleProblems meeting basic needs predict cognitive decline in community-dwelling Hispanic older adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsSachs-Ericsson, N, Corsentino, E, Cougle, JR
JournalJ Aging HealthJ Aging Health
Date PublishedSep
ISBN Number0898-2643 (Print)<br/>0898-2643 (Linking)
Accession Number19571183
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and Over, Cognition Disorders/ epidemiology/ethnology, Health Services Needs and Demand, Health Status, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Income, Mexican Americans, Needs Assessment, Risk Factors, Self Concept, Self-Assessment, Socioeconomic Factors, United States/epidemiology/ethnology
AbstractObjectives. Indices of low socioeconomic status (SES) have been found to predict negative health outcomes. However, problems meeting basic needs (e.g., not having enough money for health care, adequate food, etc.) may be a more potent measure of negative health outcomes than other more typically assessed indices of SES, such as income. This article examined the association between problems meeting basic needs and cognitive decline in a sample of community-dwelling Hispanic older adults (N = 1,964). Method. The authors used a prospective design to study the influence of problems meeting basic needs on cognitive functioning. Analyses controlled for demographics, health problems, and depressive symptoms. Results. The authors found problems meeting basic needs to be a more potent predictor of cognitive decline than income. Discussion. Interventions focused on providing older adults with resources for meeting basic needs, such as adequate food and health care, may substantially reduce the subsequent level of stress and health problems in this population.