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Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy in Filipino vs Caucasian Americans: a retrospective cross-sectional epidemiologic study of two convenience samples

TitlePrevalence of diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy in Filipino vs Caucasian Americans: a retrospective cross-sectional epidemiologic study of two convenience samples
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsSales, CS, Lee, RY, Agadzi, AK, Hee, MR, Singh, K, Lin, SC
JournalEthn DisEthn Dis
Volume22
Pagination459-65
Date PublishedAutumn
ISBN Number1049-510X (Print)<br/>1049-510X (Linking)
Accession Number23140077
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Aged, 80 and Over, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/ethnology, Diabetic Retinopathy/ ethnology, European Continental Ancestry Group/ statistics & numerical data, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Philippines/ethnology, Prevalence
AbstractOBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in Filipino and Caucasian Americans in two clinic populations. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional epidemiologic study of two convenience samples. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Five hundred twelve Filipino and 600 Caucasian patients aged 40 years or older examined by two community-based comprehensive ophthalmology clinics during a one-year period. RESULTS: The prevalence of self-reported type 2 diabetes mellitus among Filipino (F) and Caucasian Americans (C) was 40.6% and 24.8%, respectively (P<.001 in="" the="" subpopulation="" with="" type="" diabetes="" mellitus="" filipino="" caucasian="" there="" was="" a="" statistically="" insignificant="" higher="" prevalence="" of="" diabetic="" retinopathy="" among="" diabetics="" compared="" to="" caucasians="" vs="" c:="" all="" forms="" p=".08;" non-proliferative="" proliferative="" vs.="" multivariate="" analyses="" ethnicity="" not="" significant="" predictor="" retinopathy.="" conclusions:="" americans="" may="" have="" and="" than="" americans.="" those="" however="" were="" found="" be="" more="" likely="" show="" manifestations="">
Ethno Med: