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Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among older Puerto Rican adults living in Massachusetts

TitlePrevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among older Puerto Rican adults living in Massachusetts
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsVan Rompay, MI, Castaneda-Sceppa, C, McKeown, NM, Ordovas, JM, Tucker, KL
JournalJ Immigr Minor HealthJ Immigr Minor Health
Volume13
Pagination825-33
Date PublishedOct
ISBN Number1557-1920 (Electronic)<br/>1557-1912 (Linking)
Accession Number21298483
KeywordsAged, Cardiovascular Diseases/ ethnology/ etiology, Female, Hispanic Americans/ ethnology, Humans, Male, Massachusetts, Middle Aged, Questionnaires, Risk Factors
AbstractThere remains limited research on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Puerto Rican adults. We compared lifestyle and CVD risk factors in Puerto Rican men and women with normal fasting glucose (NFG), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), or type 2 diabetes (T2D), and investigated achievement of American Diabetes Association (ADA) treatment goals in those with T2D. Baseline data from the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study were analyzed, which included 1,287 adults aged 45-75 years. Obesity, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia were prevalent and increased from NFG to IFG and T2D. In individuals without T2D, fasting insulin correlated significantly with body mass index. Achievement of ADA goals was poor; LDL cholesterol was most achieved (59.4%), followed by blood pressure (27.2%) and glycosylated hemoglobin (27.0%). Poverty, female sex, current alcohol use, and diabetes or anti-hypertensive medication use were associated with not meeting goals. Puerto Rican adults living in the Boston area showed several metabolic abnormalities and high CVD risk, likely due to pervasive obesity and socio-economic disparities.