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Predictors associated with late-life depressive symptoms among older Black Americans

TitlePredictors associated with late-life depressive symptoms among older Black Americans
Publication TypeThesis
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMarshall, GL
UniversityMarshall, Gillian L : U Washington, US
Accession NumberDissertation Abstract: 2012-99090-254
Keywords*Blacks, *Major Depression, *Symptoms, Developmental Psychology [2800], Human Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Middle Age (40-64 yrs), late-life depressive symptoms, older Black Americans, us
AbstractWith the projected growth of a diverse older adult population in the U.S., their mental health status is of increasing concern. It is a concern since little is known about what places them at risk and what factors protect them against late-life depression. The primary aim of this dissertation is to address this concern by examining the risk and protective factors associated with depressive symptoms between older black Americans. Data analyzed for all three studies used the National Survey of American Life. The study sample consisted of older persons age 55 years and older who self identified as either African American (N=837) or Caribbean Black (N=271). Results indicate that socio-economic status was significant in predicting high depressive symptoms, especially for older African Americans. Results also highlight the fact that greater depressive symptoms are associated with stress in the form of perceived discrimination which poses a risk for late-life depression among both groups of older Black Americans. In addition, both social support and social connectedness were significant in moderating the effect of stress for both older African Americans and Caribbean blacks. The findings from this study will contribute to the general body of knowledge on black Americans, and more specifically, to the heterogeneity embedded between and within older African Americans and Caribbean Black populations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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