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Postneonatal mortality among Alaska Native infants - Alaska, 1989-2009

TitlePostneonatal mortality among Alaska Native infants - Alaska, 1989-2009
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
JournalMMWR Morb Mortal Wkly RepMMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
Date PublishedJan 13
ISBN Number1545-861X (Electronic)<br/>0149-2195 (Linking)
Accession Number22237028
KeywordsAlaska/epidemiology, Birth Weight, Educational Status, Gestational Age, Humans, Indians, North American/ statistics & numerical data, Infant, Infant Mortality/ ethnology/ trends, Infant, Newborn, Maternal Age, Regression Analysis, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Substance-Related Disorders
AbstractAlaska's postneonatal mortality rate of 3.4 deaths per 1,000 live births during 2006-2008 was 48% higher than the 2007 U.S. rate of 2.3 per 1,000. Among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) infants, the Alaska rate of 8.0 per 1,000 was 70% higher than the U.S. rate of 4.7. The Alaska Division of Public Health analyzed a linked birth-infant death file for 1989-2009 to examine temporal trends in postneonatal mortality in Alaska, specifically in the Alaska Native (AN) population. Overall and non-Alaska Native (non-AN) rates declined during the entire period, but no significant trends in AN-specific mortality were apparent. Infant mortality review committee findings indicated a decline during 1992-2007 among all postneonatal deaths attributed to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or sudden unexplained infant death (SUID), but not for other causes. Lack of progress in reducing postneonatal mortality, particularly among AN infants, indicates a need for renewed emphasis within the Alaska health-care community. Current initiatives to reduce preventable causes of postneonatal mortality should be evaluated and successful models more widely implemented.
Ethno Med: