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Perceived neighborhood environment affecting physical and mental health: a study with Korean American older adults in New York City

TitlePerceived neighborhood environment affecting physical and mental health: a study with Korean American older adults in New York City
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsRoh, S, Jang, Y, Chiriboga, DA, Kwag, KH, Cho, S, Bernstein, K
JournalJ Immigr Minor HealthJ Immigr Minor Health
Volume13
Pagination1005-12
Date PublishedDec
ISBN Number1557-1920 (Electronic)<br/>1557-1912 (Linking)
Accession Number21678059
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and Over, Depression/ethnology/physiopathology, Environment Design, Female, Humans, Male, Mental Health/ ethnology, Middle Aged, New York City, Physical Fitness, Questionnaires, Republic of Korea/ethnology
AbstractThis study examined how subjective perceptions of the neighborhood environment (e.g., perceived ethnic density, safety, social cohesion, and satisfaction) influenced the physical and mental health of Korean American older adults. Using data from 420 residents of the New York City metropolitan area (M(age) = 71.6, SD = 7.59), health perceptions and depressive symptoms were estimated with hierarchical regression models entered in the order of (1) demographics and acculturation, (2) health-related variables, and (3) perceived neighborhood environment. After controlling for the effects of the individual-level variables, perceived neighborhood environment was found to make a significant contribution to both outcomes. Individuals less satisfied with their overall neighborhood environment were more likely to have negative perceptions of health and depressive symptoms. A strong linkage between perceived neighborhood safety and depressive symptoms was also observed. Findings from the study highlight the importance of subjective evaluations of neighborhood environment and provide implications for health promotion.
Ethno Med: