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Patterns of caregiving of Cuban, other Hispanic, Caribbean Black, and White elders in South Florida

TitlePatterns of caregiving of Cuban, other Hispanic, Caribbean Black, and White elders in South Florida
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsFriedemann, M-L, Buckwalter, KC, Newman, FL, Mauro, AC
JournalJournal of Cross Cultural GerontologyJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology
Date PublishedJun
ISBN Number0169-3816<br/>1573-0719
Accession NumberPeer Reviewed Journal: 2013-15603-001
Keywords*Caregiver Burden, *Caregivers, *Family Members, *Physical Health, Aging, caregiving patterns, elder individuals, family members, physical health, caregiver burden, Home Care & Hospice [3375], Human Male Female Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs) Thirties (30-39 yrs) Middle Age (40-64 yrs) Aged (65 yrs & older) Very Old (85 yrs & older), us
AbstractCaregivers in Miami, Florida (185 Cubans, 108 other Hispanics, 229 non- Hispanic Whites, and 73 Caribbean Blacks) were described and compared along demographic and health variables, cultural attitudes, and caregiving behaviors. Participants were recruited at random through Home Health Services (61 %) and convenience sampling in the community (39 %), and interviewed at their home. Standardized instruments and measures constructed for this study were pretested. Multivariate analyses showed that the ethnic groups differed in age, education, income, and number of persons giving care, while caregiver health and patient functioning were similar. Controlling for demographics, differences in cultural variables were small. The sense of obligation, emotional attachment, openness about who should give care, spirituality, use of family help or community services were comparable in all groups. Commitment to caregiving was high, driven mainly by patient needs. Cubans had the greatest family stability, and worked the hardest, with the lowest sense of burden. Caribbean Black caregivers lived in bigger families, were youngest, and their patients had the lowest cognitive status. Burden was felt most by White caregivers who were older than the others. Professionals need to understand complex belief systems and behavior patterns to assist caregivers in mobilizing appropriate resources. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract).