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Optimism and coping strategies among Caucasian, Korean, and African American older women

TitleOptimism and coping strategies among Caucasian, Korean, and African American older women
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLee, H, Mason, D
JournalHealth Care Women IntHealth Care Women Int
ISBN Number1096-4665 (Electronic)<br/>0739-9332 (Linking)
Accession Number23865863
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Adaptation, Psychological, African Americans/ psychology, Aged, Aged, 80 and Over, Analysis of Variance, Asian Americans/ psychology, Asian Continental Ancestry Group, European Continental Ancestry Group/ psychology, Female, Health Status, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Middle Aged, Problem Solving, Quality of Life, Questionnaires, Social Environment, Socioeconomic Factors, Stress, Psychological/ ethnology/psychology, United States
AbstractCoping strategies and optimism have significant effects on the health of older women. Culture affects coping behaviors used to deal with stress. We examined the relationship between optimism and coping strategies used to manage daily stress and health among community-dwelling Caucasian, Korean American, and African American women. Data were collected from 373 women over the age of 65. Results showed that each group used different coping strategies. The more optimistic used more problem-focused and adaptive copings, while the less optimistic employed more avoidant copings. Differences in cultural background and individual levels of optimism guided their coping strategies.
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