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Occupational therapy intervention: Effects on self-care, performance, satisfaction, self-esteem/self-efficacy, and role functioning of older Hispanic females with arthritis

TitleOccupational therapy intervention: Effects on self-care, performance, satisfaction, self-esteem/self-efficacy, and role functioning of older Hispanic females with arthritis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsLanda-Gonzalez, B, Molnar, D
JournalOccupational Therapy In Health CareOccupational Therapy In Health Care
Volume26
Pagination109-119
Date PublishedApr-Jul
ISBN Number0738-0577<br/>1541-3098
Accession NumberPeer Reviewed Journal: 2012-29133-002
Keywords*Arthritis, *Occupational Therapy, *Satisfaction, *Self Efficacy, *Self Esteem, Human Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Middle Age (40-64 yrs) Aged (65 yrs & older) Very Old (85 yrs & older), Human Females, intervention, Latinos/Latinas, Occupational & Vocational Rehabilitation [3384], occupational therapy intervention, self care, perceived performances, satisfaction, self esteem, self efficacy, older Hispanic females, arthritis, Performance, us
AbstractThe purpose of this pilot study was to compare the effectiveness of occupation-based and enabling/preparatory interventions on self-care, perceived performance, satisfaction, self-efficacy, and role function among older Hispanic females with arthritis. A pre- and post-outcome measures design with semi-structured interview and questionnaire/rating scales was used with matched participants assigned to one of two intervention groups or a control, non-intervention group. For measures of task-specific functioning and self-efficacy, there were no statistically significant differences in average gain scores between the two interventions. Average gain scores were higher for the enabling/preparatory intervention than for the control group. For the occupational intervention, the scores were higher than for the control group for self-care/activities of daily living (ADL) functioning and self-esteem/self-efficacy. The results suggest that client-centered occupational therapy intervention provided within the home environment is beneficial for occupational performance, participation, role competence, and quality of life. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract).