Skip to content Skip to navigation

Neuropsychological and neuropsychiatric prediction of global cognitive status among older spanish-speaking hispanics and english-speaking whites

TitleNeuropsychological and neuropsychiatric prediction of global cognitive status among older spanish-speaking hispanics and english-speaking whites
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsGuerrero-Berroa, E, Kluger, A, Schmeidler, J, Sailor, K, Lizardi, H, Golomb, J, Ferris, S, Reisberg, B
JournalJ Geriatr Psychiatry NeurolJ Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol
Volume27
Pagination266-75
Date PublishedDec
ISBN Number0891-9887 (Print)<br/>0891-9887 (Linking)
Accession Number24759088
AbstractBACKGROUND: Neuropsychological and depression measures have been found to predict cognitive functioning. We compared these associations among whites and Spanish-speaking Hispanics. METHODS: Fifty-two pairs of whites and Hispanics were matched demographically and clinically in a cross-sectional study. Hierarchical regression analyses predicted Global Deterioration Scale (GDS) rating by baseline neuropsychological tests and depression symptoms. RESULTS: Neuropsychological tests predicted GDS better in whites; depression symptoms-specifically retardation-predicted well in Hispanics but not whites. Immediate recall of the New York University (NYU)-Paragraph Test and the Retardation item of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale were associated with GDS in Hispanics and delayed recall of the NYU-Paragraph Test and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Digit Symbol in whites. Neuropsychological tests and depression symptoms predicted GDS differently in Hispanics and whites. DISCUSSION: These results suggest that other measures should be considered to increase the predictive accuracy of neuropsychological tests when assessing cognitive status in Spanish-speaking Hispanics. Additional studies of specific ethnic/racial and sociodemographic subgroups are warranted.