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Neuropsychiatric symptoms are associated with disability in cognitively impaired Latino elderly with and without dementia: Results from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging

TitleNeuropsychiatric symptoms are associated with disability in cognitively impaired Latino elderly with and without dementia: Results from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsHinton, L, Farias, STomaszewsk, Wegelin, J
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric PsychiatryInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume23
Pagination102-108
Date PublishedJan
ISBN Number0885-6230<br/>1099-1166
Accession NumberPeer Reviewed Journal: 2008-00973-017
Keywords*Aging, *Cognitive Impairment, *Dementia, *Psychiatric Symptoms, Caregivers, Disabilities, Health, Human Male Female Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Middle Age (40-64 yrs) Aged (65 yrs & older) Very Old (85 yrs & older), Neurological Disorders & Brain Damage [3297], neuropsychiatric symptoms, disability, cognitively impaired, dementia, aging, treatment, health disparities
AbstractObjective: To examine the relationship between neuropsychiatric symptoms burden and disability in cognitively impaired older Latinos. Methods: Subjects in the cross-sectional study were 95 cognitively impaired (both demented and non-demented) non-institutionalized Latino elderly participating in an epidemiological cohort study and their family caregivers. Care recipient neuropsychiatric symptoms (Neuropsychiatric Inventory) and level of functional impairment (i.e. impairment in activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living) were assessed through interviews with family caregivers. Results: Both NPI total score and NP1 depression subscale score were significantly associated with disability before and after controlling for potential confounding variables. The strength of the association between higher neuropsychiatric symptom levels and higher disability was similar for both the cognitively impaired not demented and demented groups. Conclusions: Neuropsychiatric symptoms are associated with increased disability in a community sample of cognitively impaired Latino elderly. More effective identification and treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms may improve functioning in older Latinos and reduce health disparities for this population. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract).