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Neighborhood effects on physical and mental health: A study of Korean American older adults

TitleNeighborhood effects on physical and mental health: A study of Korean American older adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsKwag, KHwa, Jang, Y, Rhew, SHan, Chiriboga, DA
JournalAsian American Journal of PsychologyAsian American Journal of Psychology
Volume2
Pagination91-100
Date PublishedJun
ISBN Number1948-1985<br/>1948-1993
Accession NumberPeer Reviewed Journal: 2011-08717-001
Keywords*Depression (Emotion), *Health, *Health Attitudes, *Mental Health, *Neighborhoods, Human Male Female Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Aged (65 yrs & older), Korean American, depression, health perception, multilevel analysis, neighborhood, physical health, mental health, Multivariate Analysis, Physical Health, Promotion & Maintenance of Health & Wellness [3365], South Asian Cultural Groups, us
AbstractThis study explored how the physical and mental health of Korean American older adults were influenced by neighborhood characteristics (i.e., proportion of individuals living below the poverty level, proportion of individuals 65 years of age and older, and proportion of racial/ethnic minorities in the census block groups where each respondent lived). Health perceptions (i.e., the subjective appraisal of one's own health) and depressive symptoms were used as indicators of physical and mental health. Multilevel analyses were performed with 567 individuals (at Level 1) nested within 233 census block groups (at Level 2). After controlling for individual demographic and health characteristics, we found that neighborhood poverty predicted health perceptions. The results add to the growing literature on the influence of the social environment and suggest that neighborhood characteristics should be taken into consideration in developing community-based policies for racially/ethnically diverse populations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract).
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