Skip to content Skip to navigation

Mexican Americans and frailty: Findings from the Hispanic established populations epidemiologic studies of the elderly

TitleMexican Americans and frailty: Findings from the Hispanic established populations epidemiologic studies of the elderly
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsOttenbacher, KJ, Graham, JE, Snih, SAl, Raji, M, Samper-Ternent, R, Ostir, GV, Markides, KS
JournalAmerican Journal of Public HealthAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume99
Pagination673-679
Date PublishedApr
ISBN Number0090-0036<br/>1541-0048
Accession NumberPeer Reviewed Journal: 2009-03829-010
Keywords*Epidemiology, *Geriatric Patients, *Health Impairments, *Latinos/Latinas, *Mexican Americans, Human Male Female Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Aged (65 yrs & older), Mexican Americans, frailty, Hispanics, epidemiology, older adults, Physical & Somatoform & Psychogenic Disorders [3290], us
AbstractObjectives: We examined the prevalence of frailty among Mexican American older adults and explored the correlates associated with becoming frail to determine their affect on disability and morbidity in this population. Methods: We studied the trajectory of frailty over 10 years in 2049 Mexican Americans participating in the Hispanic Established Populations Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly. We constructed a frailty index based on weight loss, exhaustion, grip strength, walking speed, and physical activity and collected data on sociodemographic and health status, comorbidities, and functional measures of performance. Results: The sample was 58%female, with a mean age of 74.43 years (SD = 6.04) at baseline. Fifty-five percent of participants at baseline and 75% of the surviving sample at follow-up (n = 777)were classified as prefrail or frail. Of persons identified as frail at baseline, 84% died by the end of follow-up. Baseline age, diabetes, arthritis, smoking status, body mass index, cognition, negative affect, and number of comorbid conditions were predictors of frailty at follow-up (R2 = 0.29; P