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A meat, processed meat, and French fries dietary pattern is associated with high allostatic load in Puerto Rican older adults

TitleA meat, processed meat, and French fries dietary pattern is associated with high allostatic load in Puerto Rican older adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsMattei, J, Noel, SE, Tucker, KL
JournalJ Am Diet AssocJ Am Diet Assoc
Volume111
Pagination1498-506
Date PublishedOct
ISBN Number1878-3570 (Electronic)<br/>0002-8223 (Linking)
Accession Number21963016
KeywordsAcculturation, Aged, Boston/epidemiology, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology, Diet/ethnology/ statistics & numerical data, Dietary Fats/ administration & dosage/adverse effects, Female, Food Habits, Hispanic Americans/ statistics & numerical data, Humans, Hypertension/epidemiology, Logistic Models, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Meat Products/statistics & numerical data, Meat/ statistics & numerical data, Metabolic Syndrome X/epidemiology, Middle Aged, Nutrition Surveys, Puerto Rico/ethnology
AbstractBACKGROUND: Consumption of certain dietary patterns, such as a Western diet, has been associated with unfavorable physiologic outcomes. Diet has been proposed as a contributor to allostatic load, a composite measure of physiological dysregulation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of dietary patterns, defined by "meat and french fries,""traditional Puerto Rican foods" (rice, beans, and oils), or "sweets," with allostatic load, and with the 10 individual physiologic parameters that comprise it. PARTICIPANTS: Baseline data collected from participants of the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study (n=1,117; aged 45 to 75 years) was used to run linear and logistic regression models, adjusting for age, sex, alcohol intake, smoking, medications, energy intake, and body mass index or physical activity. RESULTS: Significant trends across increasing quintiles of the meat and french fries pattern were observed for higher allostatic load score (P=0.002), waist circumference (P=0.032), systolic blood pressure (P=0.008), and diastolic blood pressure (P