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Longitudinal relationships between cognitive functioning and depressive symptoms among Hispanic older adults

TitleLongitudinal relationships between cognitive functioning and depressive symptoms among Hispanic older adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsPerrino, T, Mason, CA, Brown, SC, Spokane, A, Szapocznik, J
JournalThe Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social SciencesThe Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume5
Pagination309
Date PublishedSep
ISBN Number1079-5014<br/>1758-5368
Accession NumberPeer Reviewed Journal: 2008-13962-007
Keywords*Cognitive Ability, *Geriatrics, *Latinos/Latinas, *Major Depression, *Symptoms, Affective Disorders [3211], cognitive functioning, depressive symptoms, Hispanic older adults, Human Male Female Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Aged (65 yrs & older), us
AbstractThis study examines the relationship between cognitive functioning and depressive symptoms across 3 years in a prospective study of 273 community-dwelling, Hispanic older adults in Miami. The analyses extend the literature by testing for a bidirectional or reciprocal relationship between depressive symptoms and cognitive functioning over time and by examining the relationship between these variables among Hispanics, an understudied population at risk of developing depressive symptoms and cognitive impairments. Structural equation modeling with a cross-lagged panel design showed that depressive symptoms were unrelated to subsequent cognitive functioning. However, cognitive functioning was related to subsequent depressive symptoms at every time point, such that poorer cognitive functioning was related to higher depressive symptoms. Findings suggest that cognitive declines may predict depressive symptoms in community-dwelling Hispanic older adults. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract).