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A latent profile analysis of Asian American men's and women's adherence to cultural values

TitleA latent profile analysis of Asian American men's and women's adherence to cultural values
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsWong, YJ, Nguyen, CP, Wang, SY, Chen, W, Steinfeldt, JA, Kim, BS
JournalCultur Divers Ethnic Minor PsycholCultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol
Date PublishedJul
ISBN Number1099-9809 (Print)<br/>1077-341X (Linking)
Accession Number22686141
KeywordsAcculturation, Adolescent, Adult, Asian Americans/ psychology, Cluster Analysis, Cultural Characteristics, Depression/psychology, Emotions, Female, Humans, Internal-External Control, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Questionnaires, Sex Factors, Social Conformity, Social Values/ ethnology, Stress, Psychological/ complications, Young Adult
AbstractThe goal of this study was to identify diverse profiles of Asian American women's and men's adherence to values that are salient in Asian cultures (i.e., conformity to norms, family recognition through achievement, emotional self-control, collectivism, and humility). To this end, the authors conducted a latent profile analysis using the 5 subscales of the Asian American Values Scale-Multidimensional in a sample of 214 Asian Americans. The analysis uncovered a four-cluster solution. In general, Clusters 1 and 2 were characterized by relatively low and moderate levels of adherence to the 5 dimensions of cultural values, respectively. Cluster 3 was characterized by the highest level of adherence to the cultural value of family recognition through achievement, whereas Cluster 4 was typified by the highest levels of adherence to collectivism, emotional self-control, and humility. Clusters 3 and 4 were associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms than Cluster 1. Furthermore, Asian American women and Asian American men had lower odds of being in Cluster 4 and Cluster 3, respectively. These findings attest to the importance of identifying specific patterns of adherence to cultural values when examining the relationship between Asian Americans' cultural orientation and mental health status.