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The impact of resistance exercise training on the mental health of older Puerto Rican adults with type 2 diabetes

TitleThe impact of resistance exercise training on the mental health of older Puerto Rican adults with type 2 diabetes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsLincoln, AK, Shepherd, A, Johnson, PL, Castaneda-Sceppa, C
JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc SciJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Volume66
Pagination567-70
Date PublishedSep
ISBN Number1758-5368 (Electronic)<br/>1079-5014 (Linking)
Accession Number21571703
KeywordsAged, Depressive Disorder/ ethnology/psychology/ rehabilitation, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/ ethnology/ rehabilitation, Female, Hispanic Americans/ psychology, Humans, Male, Mental Health, Mental Status Schedule/ statistics & numerical data, Middle Aged, Psychometrics, Resistance Training
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of a 16 week high-intensity progressive resistance exercise training (PRT) program on the mental health of older Puerto Rican adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Fifty-eight Puerto Rican adults were randomly assigned to supervised PRT (n = 29) or a control group (n = 29). A secondary analyses were conducted, and 2 mental health outcomes, the Geriatric Depression Scale and the SF-36 mental component summary score, were used to assess the impact of PRT on mental health status. At baseline, no differences were found on measures of self-reported mental health status. RESULTS: PRT participants had significantly improved mental health status at follow-up (16 weeks). DISCUSSION: The incorporation of exercise into treatment planning for older adults may have important benefits on their mental health status. More work is needed to understand the mechanisms by which this occurred as well as the applicability of these findings to sustainable community programs.