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HIV/AIDS in the Puerto Rican Elderly: Immunological Changes between Gender and Body Mass Index

TitleHIV/AIDS in the Puerto Rican Elderly: Immunological Changes between Gender and Body Mass Index
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMaldonado-Martínez, G, Fernández-Santos, DM, Ríos-Olivares, E, Mayor, AM, Hunter-Mellado, RE
JournalJournal of Health Care for the Poor & UnderservedJournal of Health Care for the Poor & Underserved
Volume24
Pagination94-105
ISBN Number1049-2089
KeywordsAcquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome -- In Old Age, Aged, Anti-Retroviral Agents -- Therapeutic Use, Body Mass Index, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, Chi Square Test, Data Analysis Software, Descriptive Statistics, Female, Fisher's Exact Test, Funding Source, HIV Infections -- In Old Age, Human, Male, Mann-Whitney U Test, Post Hoc Analysis, Prospective Studies, Puerto Rico, Regression, Sex Factors, Viral Load
AbstractPurpose. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the elderly population has serious repercussions. The elderly are under-diagnosed for HIV and the costs associated with their late-stage care represent a financial burden to the public health system. The purpose is to analyze various profiles among a cohort of elderly patients with HIV/AIDS. Methods. This is a baseline cohort 60 years or older seen in the Retrovirus Research Center between January 2000 to December 2011. We present the profiles of our cohort stratified by gender and body mass index viewed as a covariate of interest. Results. A total of 266 people (68% males and 32% females) seen at the Center were older than 60 years of age. Males were significantly more often overweight (p<.05 females="" were="" significantly="" more="" underweight="" with="" chronic="" conditions="" women="" had="" higher="" cd4="" count="" and="" lower="" hiv="" viral="" loads="" elderly="" males="" heavily="" affected="" the="" burden="" of="" infection="" compared="" women.="">