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Health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older whites and African Americans

TitleHealth-related quality of life in community-dwelling older whites and African Americans
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsJang, Y, Chiriboga, DA, Borenstein, AR, Small, BJ, Mortimer, JA
JournalJournal of Aging and HealthJournal of Aging and Health
Date PublishedApr
ISBN Number0898-2643<br/>1552-6887
Accession NumberPeer Reviewed Journal: 2009-03040-006
Keywords*Aging in Place, *Blacks, *Health, *Quality of Life, *Whites, Functional Analysis, Gerontology [2860], health-related quality of life, community-dwelling, older Whites, older African Americans, functional characteristics, structural characteristics, Short Form-36 Health Survey, physical health, mental health, general well-being, Human Male Female Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Middle Age (40-64 yrs) Aged (65 yrs & older), Mental Health, Physical Health, Psychometrics, Psychometrics & Statistics & Methodology [2200], Surveys, us, Well Being
AbstractObjective: This study assesses structural and functional characteristics of Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) domains using community-based samples of older Whites and African Americans. Although the eight domains of the SF-36 have by convention been collapsed into two summary categories-physical health and mental health-the authors examine a three-factor model including physical health, mental health, and general well-being. They hypothesized that the general well-being factor would be a mediator between physical and mental health in both groups. Method: Analyses using structural equation modeling provide support for the approach. Results: In both White and African American samples, the three-factor model demonstrated a better fit than the two-factor model. Also, in both groups, general well-being mediated the relationship between physical health and mental health. Discussion: Findings suggest that general well-being serves as an intervening step between physical and mental health in both White and African American older adults. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract).
Ethno Med: