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Health indicators of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders in the United States

TitleHealth indicators of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders in the United States
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsMoy, KL, Sallis, JF, David, KJ
JournalJ Community HealthJ Community Health
Volume35
Pagination81-92
Date PublishedFeb
ISBN Number1573-3610 (Electronic)<br/>0094-5145 (Linking)
Accession Number19856087
KeywordsAdult, Body Mass Index, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diet/ethnology, Female, Health Behavior/ ethnology, Health Status Disparities, Health Status Indicators, Humans, Male, Mass Screening/utilization, Middle Aged, Motor Activity, Oceanic Ancestry Group/ statistics & numerical data, Questionnaires, Sex Factors, Smoking/ethnology, Socioeconomic Factors, United States/epidemiology
AbstractThis study aimed to describe health indicators and behaviors of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NHPI) adults and to compare findings to previous reports on US NHPI and the US population. A sample of N = 100 (56 M, 44 F) NHPI adults aged 40-59 years completed an anonymous questionnaire addressing education and household income, tobacco use, physical activity, fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption, cancer screening and health status. Objective measures of height and weight were taken to calculate body mass index (BMI). The study sample consisted of 49% current smokers and the majority was not meeting guidelines for physical activity (80%) or F&V consumption (99%). Cancer screening rates ranged from 0 to 57% and were higher among females. Mean BMI was 33.9 +/- 7.5 kg/m(2) and 95% were overweight or obese. While 36.7% were hypertensive, only 11.1% were taking prescribed medication. Compared to both the general US population and available data for US NHPI, study participants reported higher prevalence of obesity and chronic conditions (hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, and angina/CHD) and lower levels of physical activity, F&V consumption and cancer screening rates. Study findings contribute to the limited knowledge regarding health behaviors of US NHPI. Comparisons to US data increase evidence of NHPI health disparities, while comparisons to previous NHPI studies emphasize the magnitude of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and subsequent adverse health conditions for this particular sample. Further improvements to community outreach and recruitment strategies could successfully encourage high-risk individuals to participate in health promotion and behavior intervention studies to improve NHPI health behaviors.