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Health care practices of the foreign born Asian Indians in the United States. A community based survey

TitleHealth care practices of the foreign born Asian Indians in the United States. A community based survey
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMehrotra, N, Gaur, S, Petrova, A
JournalJ Community HealthJ Community Health
Volume37
Pagination328-34
Date PublishedApr
ISBN Number1573-3610 (Electronic)<br/>0094-5145 (Linking)
Accession Number21811880
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and Over, Asian Americans/ psychology/statistics & numerical data, Diagnostic Self Evaluation, Female, Health Behavior/ ethnology, Health Care Surveys, Health Services/ utilization, Humans, India/ethnology, Male, Middle Aged, Patient Satisfaction/ ethnology, United States, Young Adult
AbstractAlthough successful utilization of medical and preventive care by members of the non-US born communities is an important public health concern, our knowledge regarding health practices of different ethnic subgroups is limited. In the present study, participants of the health fairs organized during South Asian cultural and religions events were asked anonymously to complete the South Asian Total Health Initiative (SATHI) health survey questionnaire to evaluate their health-related practices, self-health perception, and satisfaction with medical care. Among 1,250 surveyed, 1,016 foreign born Asian Indians adults that represented the fastest growing subgroups of the South Asian born nationals in the US were included in the analysis. We found that the majority reported healthy behavior (exercise activities and abstinence from alcohol or tobacco), high self-health perception, satisfaction with medical care, and compliance with annual routine medical examinations that was directly associated with the annual house income. Approximately 40% of women complied with breast and cervical cancer screenings and less than 20% of men complied with prostate cancer screening guidelines. Presence of chronic conditions (mostly cardiovascular pathology and/or diabetes) that were reported by approximately half of the participants negatively impacted their self-health perception. In conclusion, positive self-reported health perception and compliance with routine health examinations of the surveyed foreign born Asian Indians was reported along with an increased rate of chronic morbidity and underutilization of specific preventive services. Observed discrepancy between self-health perception and health status highlights the need to enhance utilization of preventive services among the non-US born Asian Indian community.