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Health behaviors and risk factors among American Indians and Alaska Natives, 2000-2010

TitleHealth behaviors and risk factors among American Indians and Alaska Natives, 2000-2010
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsCobb, N, Espey, D, King, J
JournalAm J Public HealthAm J Public Health
Volume104 Suppl 3
PaginationS481-9
Date PublishedJun
ISBN Number1541-0048 (Electronic)<br/>0090-0036 (Linking)
Accession Number24754662
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Aged, 80 and Over, Alaska/epidemiology, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, European Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data, Female, Health Behavior/ ethnology, Humans, Incidence, Indians, North American/ statistics & numerical data, Inuits/ statistics & numerical data, Male, Middle Aged, Population Surveillance, Risk Factors, United States/epidemiology
AbstractOBJECTIVES: We provided contextual risk factor information for a special supplement on causes of death among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). We analyzed 11 years of Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data for AI/AN respondents in the United States. METHODS: We combined BRFSS data from 2000 to 2010 to determine the prevalence of selected risk factors for AI/AN and White respondents residing in Indian Health Service Contract Health Service Delivery Area counties. Regional prevalence estimates for AI/AN respondents were compared with the estimates for White respondents for all regions combined; respondents of Hispanic origin were excluded. RESULTS: With some regional exceptions, AI/AN people had high prevalence estimates of tobacco use, obesity, and physical inactivity, and low prevalence estimates of fruit and vegetable consumption, cancer screening, and seatbelt use. CONCLUSIONS: These behavioral risk factors were consistent with observed patterns of mortality and chronic disease among AI/AN persons. All are amenable to public health intervention.
Ethno Med: