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Evaluating the SF-36 Health Survey (Version 2) in Older Vietnamese Americans

TitleEvaluating the SF-36 Health Survey (Version 2) in Older Vietnamese Americans
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsNgo-Metzger, Q, Sorkin, DH, Mangione, CM, Gandek, B, Hays, RD
JournalJ Aging HealthJ Aging Health
Volume20
Pagination420-36
Date PublishedJun
ISBN Number0898-2643 (Print)<br/>0898-2643 (Linking)
Accession Number18381886
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Aged, Aged, 80 and Over, Asian Americans/ statistics & numerical data, Asian Continental Ancestry Group/ statistics & numerical data, California, Culture, Depression, Female, Health Status, Health Status Indicators, Health Surveys, Humans, Male, Mental Health/statistics & numerical data, Middle Aged, Quality of Life, Reproducibility of Results, Self-Assessment, Vietnam/ethnology
AbstractOBJECTIVE: The SF-36((R)) Health Survey (Version 2; SF-36) was evaluated among older Vietnamese Americans to determine whether underlying dimensions of physical and mental health were similar to those of other groups in the United States. METHOD: Field testing of participants from senior centers. RESULTS: The study provided support for the reliability and validity of the SF-36. Structural equation modeling provided confirmation of physical and mental health factors. However, the factor loadings for the SF-36 scales were more consistent with previous results from Asian countries than the typical pattern observed in the United States. DISCUSSION: As the older populations in the United States become more diverse, it is important to have standardized health-related quality of life measures. However, the conceptualization of physical and mental health and associations among different scales may be different for Asian immigrants than for other groups. Thus, the interpretation of the SF-36 scores needs to account for cultural differences.