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Ethnicity and cognitive performance among older African Americans, Japanese Americans, and Caucasians: The role of education

TitleEthnicity and cognitive performance among older African Americans, Japanese Americans, and Caucasians: The role of education
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsShadlen, M-F, Larson, EB, Gibbons, LE, Rice, MMurguia, McCormick, WC, Bowen, J, McCurry, SM, Graves, ABorenstein
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics SocietyJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume49
Pagination1371-1378
Date PublishedOct
ISBN Number0002-8614<br/>1532-5415
Accession NumberPeer Reviewed Journal: 2001-09158-008
Keywords*Cognitive Ability, *Education, *Gerontology, *Racial and Ethnic Differences, Blacks, ethnical differences, ethnicity, cognitive performance, education, Africa Americans, Japanese Americans, Caucasians, older adults, Gerontology [2860], Human Male Female Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Aged (65 yrs & older), Japanese Americans, us, Whites
AbstractThis cross-sectional analysis evaluated the association between ethnicity and cognitive performance and determined whether education modifies this association for nondemented older people age 65 and older (103 African Americans, 1,388 Japanese Americans, 2,306 Caucasians) in a study of dementia incidence. African Americans scored lower (median 89 out of 100) than Japanese Americans (93) and Caucasians (94) on the Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument (CASI). Education affected CASI scores differently. The gap decreased between African Americans in high education groups compared with Japanese Americans and Caucasians. Adjustment for gender, depression, and comorbidities did not change this association. The increased ethnic discrepancy in cognitive test scores in low education groups may reflect differential educational quality. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
Ethno Med: