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Epidemiology of Cigarette and Smokeless Tobacco Use among South Asian Immigrants in the Northeastern United States

TitleEpidemiology of Cigarette and Smokeless Tobacco Use among South Asian Immigrants in the Northeastern United States
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsDelnevo, CD, Steinberg, MB, Hudson, SV, Ulpe, R, Dipaola, RS
JournalJ OncolJ Oncol
Volume2011
Pagination252675
ISBN Number1687-8469 (Electronic)<br/>1687-8450 (Linking)
Accession Number21772842
AbstractAs the most preventable cause of death in the world today, understanding tobacco use among one of the fastest growing ethnic/racial groups is warranted. We explore cigarette and smokeless tobacco (SLT) use among South Asians in NJ and the Northeast using the Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey. Overall, tobacco use rates among South Asians were similar or lower than the population. However, in NJ, South Asian males had the highest SLT rate (2.7%) and in the Northeast, White (AOR = 5.8, 95% CI = 3.7-9.4) and South Asian males (AOR = 4.0, 95% CI = 1.5-10.6) had significantly higher odds of current SLT use relative to non-White males. Tobacco use among South Asians was not homogeneous; Pakistanis are overrepresented among cigarette smokers while Indians are overrepresented among SLT users. Given the differential tobacco use among and within South Asian, disaggregating data to understand tobacco use behaviors is necessary to develop effective interventions for tobacco cessation.