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Development ofthe Mexican American Family Loyalty Toward Elderly Relatives Scale

TitleDevelopment ofthe Mexican American Family Loyalty Toward Elderly Relatives Scale
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsS, KHsueh-Fen, Lynn, MR, Kyungeh, A
JournalJournal of Theory Construction & TestingJournal of Theory Construction & Testing
ISBN Number1086-4431
KeywordsAcculturation, Adult, Aged, Analysis of Covariance, Caregivers, Coefficient Alpha, Construct Validity, Convenience Sample, Culture, Descriptive Statistics, Educational Status, Factor Analysis, Family Attitudes -- Evaluation, Family Relations -- In Old Age, Female, Hispanics -- Texas, Human, Income, Instrument Construction, Instrument Validation, Interviews, Intraclass Correlation Coefficient, Item-Total Correlations, Male, Mexico, Readability -- Evaluation, Scales, Sex Factors, Summated Rating Scaling, Test-Retest Reliability, Texas, Validation Studies
AbstractAbstract: Because Mexican American (MA) families play a key role in caring for elders, advancement of MA family eldercare instruments important to both consumers and providers of healthcare. The 16-item Expectations of Family Loyalty of Children Toward Elderly Relatives (EFLOCTER) was derived from the 17-item Expectations of Filial Piety Scale - Spanish version (EFPS) and reanalyzed with a small MA sample. A convenience sample of 193 MA family caregivers of elders was interviewed by promotoras in El Paso, Texas in 2007-2008. Principal Axis Factoring with Direct Oblimin rotation derived a two factor structure which accounted for 51 % of the variance in total scores - Respect (10 items) and Priority (3 items). Cronbach's alpha was .89 and .70 and test-retest reliability across a 3-week interval was .90 and. 79, respectively. Although MAs are increasingly acculturated into the mainstream culture, the cultural legacy of honor thy parents, which places the onus of the care of elders on family members, remains robust. EFLOCTER is an efficient scale, which may be used to establish a quantitative base for further intervention studies in MA family eldercare.