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Depressive symptoms among urban Hispanic older adults in Miami: prevalence and sociodemographic correlates

TitleDepressive symptoms among urban Hispanic older adults in Miami: prevalence and sociodemographic correlates
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsPerrino, T, Brown, SC, Mason, CA, Szapocznik, J
JournalClinical GerontologistClinical Gerontologist
ISBN Number0731-7115
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Aged, Aged, 80 and Over, Anxiety, Case Studies, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, Confidence Intervals, Depression -- Epidemiology -- In Old Age, Depression -- Psychosocial Factors -- In Old Age, Descriptive Statistics, Educational Status, Employment Status, Epidemiological Research, Female, Florida, Funding Source, Geriatric Assessment, Hispanics -- In Old Age, Human, Immigrants, Income, Interviews, Logistic Regression, Male, Marital Status, Odds Ratio, P-Value, Post Hoc Analysis, Poverty, Psychological Tests, Residence Characteristics, Scales, Secondary Analysis, Self Care, Socioeconomic Factors, Summated Rating Scaling, T-Tests, Urban Areas
AbstractThis study documents a 35% prevalence of clinically relevant depressive symptoms in a population-based sample of mostly Cuban older adults residing in a low-income, urban Miami neighborhood. This rate is comparable to, or higher than, prevalence rates reported by most other population-based samples of U.S. older adults. Logistic regression analyses indicate that perceived financial strain was the only sociodemographic factor associated with greater odds of clinically relevant symptoms when other sociodemographic factors were statistically controlled. Gender, age, and marital status were not related to elevated depressive symptoms. A case study illustrates the impact of financial strain on older adults' mental health. Findings highlight the need for mental health screening and case management services among these older adults, particularly those who experience financial strain.