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Country of Birth is Associated With Very Low Food Security Among Mexican American Older Adults Living in Colonias Along the South Texas Border With Mexico

TitleCountry of Birth is Associated With Very Low Food Security Among Mexican American Older Adults Living in Colonias Along the South Texas Border With Mexico
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsSharkey, JR, Dean, WR, Johnson, CM
JournalJournal of Nutrition in Gerontology & GeriatricsJournal of Nutrition in Gerontology & Geriatrics
Volume30
Pagination187-200
ISBN Number2155-1197
KeywordsAdult, Birth Place, Chi Square Test, Comparative Studies, Confidence Intervals, Data Analysis Software, Data Collection Methods, Demography, Descriptive Statistics, Female, Food Habits, Food Security, Food Services -- Utilization, Funding Source, Hispanics -- Texas, Human, Interviews, Middle Age, Odds Ratio, Poverty, Questionnaires, Research Instruments, Sampling Methods, Shopping, Surveys, T-Tests, Texas, Transportation
AbstractThe availability of an adequate household food supply is critical for the older population. There is little work that has examined food security and the influence of nativity on food security among older Mexican Americans living along the Texas-Mexico border. Using data from 140 older women (age ≥ 50 y) who participated in the 2009 Colonia Household and Community Food Resource Assessment (C-HCFRA), we examined demographic characteristics, health characteristics, food access and mobility, federal and community food and nutrition assistance programs, quality of food environment, food security, eating behaviors, and alternative food sources. 77% of participants experienced food insecurity, with 68% experiencing very low food security. Very low food security was associated with being born in Mexico, adjusting for household income and food assistance program participation. This article provides compelling evidence for enhanced research efforts that will better understand coping strategies and the use of food and nutrition assistance programs for reducing hardship associated with very low food security among older U.S.- and Mexico-born Mexican American women.