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The colonial context of Filipino American immigrants' psychological experiences

TitleThe colonial context of Filipino American immigrants' psychological experiences
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsDavid, E, Nadal, KL
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority PsychologyCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Volume19
Pagination298-309
Date PublishedJul
ISBN Number1099-9809<br/>1939-0106
Accession NumberPeer Reviewed Journal: 2013-25230-007
Keywords*Colonialism, *Immigration, *Mental Health, Filipino Americans, colonial mentality, immigrants, internalized oppression, mental health, History, Human Male Female Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs) Thirties (30-39 yrs) Middle Age (40-64 yrs), Oppression, Social Processes & Social Issues [2900], us
AbstractBecause of the long colonial history of Filipinos and the highly Americanized climate of postcolonial Philippines, many scholars from various disciplines have speculated that colonialism and its legacies may play major roles in Filipino emigration to the United States. However, there are no known empirical studies in psychology that specifically investigate whether colonialism and its effects have influenced the psychological experiences of Filipino American immigrants prior to their arrival in the United States. Further, there is no existing empirical study that specifically investigates the extent to which colonialism and its legacies continue to influence Filipino American immigrants' mental health. Thus, using interviews (N = 6) and surveys (N = 219) with Filipino American immigrants, two studies found that colonialism and its consequences are important factors to consider when conceptualizing the psychological experiences of Filipino American immigrants. Specifically, the findings suggest that (a) Filipino American immigrants experienced ethnic and cultural denigration in the Philippines prior to their U.S. arrival, (b) ethnic and cultural denigration in the Philippines and in the United States may lead to the development of colonial mentality (CM), and (c) that CM may have negative mental health consequences among Filipino American immigrants. The two studies' findings suggest that the Filipino American immigration experience cannot be completely captured by the voluntary immigrant narrative, as they provide empirical support to the notion that the Filipino American immigration experience needs to be understood in the context of colonialism and its most insidious psychological legacy- CM. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract).
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