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Chronic disease risk factors among American Indian/Alaska Native women of reproductive age

TitleChronic disease risk factors among American Indian/Alaska Native women of reproductive age
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsAmparo, P, Farr, SL, Dietz, PM
JournalPrev Chronic DisPrev Chronic Dis
Volume8
PaginationA118
Date PublishedNov
ISBN Number1545-1151 (Electronic)
Accession Number22005611
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Alaska/ethnology, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Chronic Disease/ ethnology, Female, Health Status Disparities, Humans, Indians, North American, Morbidity/trends, Reproductive Health/ ethnology, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, United States/epidemiology, Women's Health/ ethnology, Young Adult
AbstractINTRODUCTION: The magnitude of chronic conditions and risk factors among American Indian/Alaska Native women of reproductive age is unknown. The objective of our study was to estimate this magnitude. METHODS: We analyzed data for 2,821 American Indian/Alaska Native women and 105,664 non-Hispanic white women aged 18 to 44 years from the 2005 and 2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. We examined prevalence of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, body mass index (kg/m(2)) >/=25.0, physical inactivity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and frequent mental distress, and the cumulative number of these chronic conditions and risk factors (>/=3, 2, 1, or 0). In a multivariable, multinomial logistic regression model, we examined whether American Indian/Alaska Native race was associated with the cumulative number of chronic conditions and risk factors. RESULTS: American Indian/Alaska Native women, compared with white women, had significantly higher rates of high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, smoking, and frequent mental distress. Of American Indian/Alaska Native women, 41% had 3 or more chronic conditions or risk factors compared with 27% of white women (chi(2), P
Ethno Med: