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Bladder cancer in Native Americans and Alaskan Natives

TitleBladder cancer in Native Americans and Alaskan Natives
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsWatson, RA, Sidor, M
JournalUrologyUrology
Volume72
Pagination10-4
Date PublishedJul
ISBN Number1527-9995 (Electronic)<br/>0090-4295 (Linking)
Accession Number18384859
KeywordsAlaska/epidemiology, Female, Humans, Incidence, Indians, North American/ statistics & numerical data, Male, Prevalence, Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/ ethnology/mortality
AbstractOBJECTIVES: The prevalence of bladder cancer among Native Americans/Alaskan Natives (NAs/ANs) is generally considered to be low. However, the relative morbidity and mortality seem high. We have undertaken this survey of the published data to explore and document this observation. METHODS: An extensive survey of the published data was undertaken. The Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results data in particular were assessed. RESULTS: The incidence of bladder cancer among the NA/AN peoples is inexplicably low. This low incidence is more remarkable, given the widespread use of tobacco products and the disproportionately high incidence of kidney cancer in this same population. Despite this low incidence, NA/AN men and women seem to be at a relatively greater risk of dying of bladder cancer, once it has been diagnosed. CONCLUSIONS: More and larger studies are needed to clarify and update the incidence, cell type, and clinical outcomes of bladder cancer among NA/AN men and women. Social, economic, and political barriers to treatment also need to be addressed. Effective steps need to be undertaken to ensure more timely diagnosis and treatment of this disease.
Ethno Med: