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Barriers to lifestyle behavioral change in migrant South Asian populations

TitleBarriers to lifestyle behavioral change in migrant South Asian populations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsPatel, M, Phillips-Caesar, E, Boutin-Foster, C
JournalJ Immigr Minor HealthJ Immigr Minor Health
Volume14
Pagination774-85
Date PublishedOct
ISBN Number1557-1920 (Electronic)<br/>1557-1912 (Linking)
Accession Number22180198
KeywordsAsian Americans/ statistics & numerical data, Body Image, Cardiovascular Diseases/ ethnology, Culture, Exercise, Female, Gender Identity, Health Behavior/ ethnology, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Life Style/ ethnology, Male, Transients and Migrants/ statistics & numerical data, United States/epidemiology
AbstractThe purpose of this literature review is to describe and assess the cultural barriers to behavior change in migrant South Asians, given the high morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular disease in this population. We reviewed studies that explored the relationship between South Asian culture in the Diaspora and lifestyle behaviors. Our review produced 91 studies, of which 25 discussed the relationship between various aspects of South Asians' belief system and their approach to modifying lifestyle habits. We identify 6 specific categories of beliefs which play the largest role in the difficulties South Asians describe with behavior change: gender roles, body image, physical activity misconceptions, cultural priorities, cultural identity, and explanatory model of disease. Future research and interventions should account for these cultural factors to successfully improve dietary habits and physical activity levels in migrant South Asian populations.