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Awareness, treatment and control of hypertension among Filipino immigrants

TitleAwareness, treatment and control of hypertension among Filipino immigrants
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsUrsua, R, Aguilar, D, Wyatt, L, Tandon, SD, Escondo, K, Rey, M, Trinh-Shevrin, C
JournalJ Gen Intern MedJ Gen Intern Med
Date PublishedMar
ISBN Number1525-1497 (Electronic)<br/>0884-8734 (Linking)
Accession Number24113806
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Asian Continental Ancestry Group/ ethnology/psychology, Awareness, Cross-Sectional Studies, Emigrants and Immigrants/psychology, Female, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice/ ethnology, Humans, Hypertension/ ethnology/psychology/ therapy, Male, Middle Aged, New Jersey/ethnology, New York City/ethnology, Philippines/ethnology, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult
AbstractBACKGROUND: Filipino Americans have high rates of hypertension, yet little research has examined hypertension awareness, treatment, and control in this group. OBJECTIVE: In a community-based sample of hypertensive Filipino American immigrants, we identify 1) rates of hypertension awareness, treatment, and control; and 2) factors associated with awareness, treatment, and control. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of survey data from health screenings collected from 2006 to 2010. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 566 hypertensive Filipino immigrants in New York City, New York and Jersey City, New Jersey. MAIN MEASURES: Hypertension awareness, treatment, and control. Participants were included in analysis if they were hypertensive, based on: a past physician diagnosis, antihypertensive medication use, and/or high blood pressure (BP) screening measurements. Demographic variables included sex, age, time in the United States, location of residence, and English spoken language fluency. Health-related variables included self-reported health, insurance status, diabetes diagnosis, high cholesterol diagnosis, clinical measures (body mass index [BMI], glucose, and cholesterol), exercise frequency, smoking status, cardiac event history, family history of cardiac event, and family history of hypertension. RESULTS: Among the hypertensive individuals, awareness, treatment, and control rates were suboptimal; 72.1 % were aware of their status, 56.5 % were on medication, and only 21.7 % had controlled BP. Factors related to awareness included older age, worse self-reported health, family history of hypertension, and a diagnosis of high cholesterol or diabetes; factors related to treatment included older age, longer time lived in the United States, and being a non-smoker; having health insurance was found to be the main predictor of hypertension control. Many individuals had other cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors; 60.4 % had a BMI>/=25, 12.0 % had at-risk glucose measurements and 12.8 % had cholesterol >/= 240. CONCLUSIONS: Hypertensive Filipinos exhibit poor hypertension management, warranting increased efforts to improve awareness, treatment and control. Culturally tailored public health strategies must be prioritized to reduce CVD risk factors among at-risk minority populations.
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