Skip to content Skip to navigation

The association of diabetes and BMI among Melanesian and Indian Fijians aged >/= 40 years

TitleThe association of diabetes and BMI among Melanesian and Indian Fijians aged >/= 40 years
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsBrian, G, Ramke, J, Page, A, Maher, L, Szetu, J, M. Qoqonokana, Q
JournalBr J NutrBr J Nutr
Volume105
Pagination1539-45
Date PublishedMay
ISBN Number1475-2662 (Electronic)<br/>0007-1145 (Linking)
Accession Number21255475
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Body Mass Index, Diabetes Mellitus/ epidemiology/physiopathology, Female, Fiji/epidemiology, Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated/analysis, Humans, India/ethnology, Logistic Models, Male, Melanesia/epidemiology, Middle Aged, Pilot Projects, Questionnaires
AbstractThe present study examines the association of diabetes with BMI (kg/m(2)) in Asian-Indian and Melanesian Fijian populations sharing a common environment. A population-based survey was used to investigate the risk of diabetes (defined by glycosylated Hb concentration >/= 6.5 % among participants who denied previous diagnosis of the disease by a medical practitioner) by sex, ethnicity and strata of BMI in a series of age-adjusted logistic regression models. Ethnicity and BMI interactions were compared using WHO and empirically derived BMI cut-off points. Indians had a greater risk (BMI and age adjusted) of undetected diabetes than Melanesians in both males (OR 2.99, 95 % CI 1.73, 5.17; P /= 25 to /= 30 kg/m(2) conferred a higher risk of diabetes compared with a BMI >/= 18.5 to /= 25 to /= 30 kg/m(2) (OR 6.08, 95 % CI 3.06, 12.07; P