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Alcohol, Gender, and Cognitive Performance: A Longitudinal Study Comparing Older Japanese and Non-Hispanic White Americans

TitleAlcohol, Gender, and Cognitive Performance: A Longitudinal Study Comparing Older Japanese and Non-Hispanic White Americans
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsBond, GE, Burr, R, McCurry, SM, Rice, MMurguia, Borenstein, AR, Kukull, WA, Teri, L, Bowen, JD, McCormick, WC, Larson, EB
JournalJournal of Aging and HealthJournal of Aging and Health
Volume16
Pagination615-640
Date PublishedNov
ISBN Number0898-2643<br/>1552-6887
Accession NumberPeer Reviewed Journal: 2004-19425-002
Keywords*Alcohol Drinking Patterns, *Cognitive Ability, *Human Sex Differences, *Japanese Americans, *Whites, alcohol consumption, gender differences, cognitive performance, ethnicic differences, Japanese American, White Americans, Cognitions, Drug & Alcohol Usage (Legal) [2990], Human Male Female Adulthood (18 yrs & older) Aged (65 yrs & older) Very Old (85 yrs & older), us
AbstractBackground: Recent data demonstrate that moderate consumption of alcohol may be beneficial to cognition. Design: Longitudinal growth curve analyses controlling for variables related to cognition were used to examine the relationship between alcohol consumption, ethnic differences, gender, and cognition over a 4-year-follow-up period. Sample: The sample included 1,836 Japanese American and 2,581 Non- Hispanic White American community-dwelling adults age 65 and older who were cognitively intact at baseline and participated in at least one follow-up examination. Measurement: Cognitive performance was measured using the Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument (CASI) and reaction time. Results: Current drinkers scored significantly higher on CASI over time than past drinkers or abstainers. The same association between alcohol and CASI was observed in both genders and both ethnic groups. Conclusion: This study provides support regarding the potential beneficial outcomes associated with alcohol consumption and cognition and that these benefits were not modified by gender or ethnicity. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract).
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