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Acculturation, enculturation, and perceptions of mental disorders in Asian Indian immigrants

TitleAcculturation, enculturation, and perceptions of mental disorders in Asian Indian immigrants
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsKumar, A, Nevid, JS
JournalCultur Divers Ethnic Minor PsycholCultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol
Date PublishedApr
ISBN Number1099-9809 (Print)<br/>1077-341X (Linking)
Accession Number20438166
KeywordsAcculturation, Adult, Aged, Attitude to Health, Depressive Disorder, Major/diagnosis/ ethnology/psychology, Emigrants and Immigrants/ statistics & numerical data, Female, Humans, India/ethnology, Male, Mental Disorders/ ethnology, Middle Aged, Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data, Questionnaires, Schizophrenia/diagnosis/ ethnology, Schizophrenic Psychology, United States/epidemiology, Young Adult
AbstractOne hundred eighteen Asian Indian immigrants completed questionnaires assessing behavioral acculturation, values enculturation, and perceptions of the psychological and medical determinants of case descriptions of major depression and schizophrenia, as well as treatment-seeking recommendations and stigma associated with treatment seeking. Case vignettes depicted symptoms meeting the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (4th ed., text revision, American Psychiatric Association, 2000) criteria for major depression and schizophrenia. Results revealed that responses to male case vignettes elicited lower levels of endorsement of psychological determinants and higher levels of endorsement of biological determinants in comparison to female case vignettes. Moreover, vignette gender moderated the relationship between behavioral acculturation and perceptions of the psychological basis of the disorders depicted in the vignettes. Both vignette gender and type of disorder moderated the relationship between years in the United States and perceptions of biological determinants. The study findings were consistent with traditional gender ideals among Asian Indians. Moreover, behavioral acculturation appeared to moderate traditional conceptions of masculinity toward greater recognition of the psychological bases of mental disorders.